This lecture is devoted to lexical semantics, which is the branch of linguistics which is concerned with the systematic study of word meanings.
Probably the two most fundamental questions addressed by lexical
semanticists are: (a) how to describe the meanings of words, and (b) how
to account for the variability of meaning from context to context.
These two are necessarily connected, since an adequate description of
meaning must be able to support our account of variation and our ability
to interpret it. Another important area of inquiry is how the
vocabularies of languages are structured by means of sense relations
(systematic relations between meanings), such as antonymy (long:short,
fast:slow), hyponymy (animal:dog, fruit:apple), and incompatibility
- Prowadzący: prof. Jacek Waliński